How To Know What Size Needle For Sewing Machine

How To Knows What Size Needle to Use For a Sewing Machine?

When it comes to sewing machine needles, the size that is used can have a major influence on the project results. The size of the needle should match both the thread and the fabric that are being used for the project. If the wrong size needle is used it can cause damages to the fabric and create problems with thread tension.

The size needle for sewing machine is marked on the needle itself and is usually denoted by a number. The range of the needle sizes available can vary from around 8 to 18, with a number 8 being the smallest and number 18 being the largest needle. The most common sizes of needles are between sizes 9 to 14.

For light to medium weight fabrics like polyester, chiffon, or cotton, a size 10/70 or 11/80 needle should be used. For heavier fabrics like denim or canvas, a size 14/90 should be used. If a zig-zag stitch is being used then a pointier needle such as an 80/12 should be used.

In addition to the size, the type of needle should be chosen as well. Universal needles are the most common and can be used for a variety of fabric weights. If the threads being used are synthetic, a sharp or microtex needle should be used. If the thread is cotton then a universal or denim needle is recommended.

If the fabric is light and delicate, such as silk or satin, then the needle size may need to be adjusted to a smaller size. This will reduce the amount of force and tension that is being used on the thread and to avoid damage to the fabric. The fabric type should also be taken into consideration when picking a needle size, such as a size 14 needle would be too large for a finely woven fabric.

Different sewing machines may have different sized needles available, so it is important to check the manual for the machine to see the needle range that is compatible with the machine. The manual for the machine should also provide other helpful information about the type of needle and the type of fabric that should be used.

Thread Considerations

The size needle should not only be selected based on the fabric, but also based on the type of thread that is being used. Lighter weight threads, such as a 40 or 50 weight will work best with a size 11 or 12 needle. Medium weight thread, such as a 30 or 40 weight should work best with a size 14 or 16 needle. Heavier weight threads, such as a 12 or 16 weight will work best with an 18 needle.

The needles should be changed regularly, as they can become bent or worn out with use. Dull needles can create problems with thread tension and can cause fabric damage as well. The needles should be changed every two to three projects or they can be changed after eight to ten hours of use. The needle should also be changed based on the type of fabric being used, if the fabric is heavier than average then the needle should be changed more often.

When trying to determine the size needle for the sewing machine, it is important to take into consideration the fabric, thread, and other factors to ensure that the project turns out properly. A range of sizes should be available on the machine and the manual should provide insight on when to select each type.

Needle Material

The material of the needle can also play an important role when using a sewing machine. The most common type of needle material is steel, and this can be used with a variety of fabric and thread types. A titanium-coated needle can also be used, which is known to withstand high levels of wear, and is suitable for a variety of fabrics. Specialty needles are also available which are specifically designed for certain types of fabrics, such as denim or slippery fabrics.

Using a specialized needle, such as a leather needle, can help to prevent potential damage and make the sewing process easier. Specialty needles can also help to reduce the amount of tension that is applied to the fabric, and can create a smoother sewing experience.

The material of the needle is also important to consider if a machine embroidery is being used. Embroidery needles are available and have a special eye that is designed for embroidery thread. The size needle for the machine should still be chosen based on the type of fabric that is being used for the project.

Thread Tension

In addition to the needle size, the thread tension should also be taken into consideration when sewing. Tension is the amount of force that is put on the thread as it is being put through the fabric. If the tension is too high or too low it can cause problems with the stitching. The tension should be set to the suggested setting in the machine manual.

If the tension is too high the stitches can become too tight and cause puckering or damage to the fabric. If the tension is too low then the stitches can become loose and the thread can unravel or create a loose loop. To adjust the tension the thread should be turned clockwise to loosen the tension, and counterclockwise to increase the tension.

The machine should also be checked for potential problems, such as a thread jam or a bobbin that needs to be rewound. If the machine is having problems stitching the fabric, the needle should be checked for any wear or damage and then it should be replaced with a fresh needle.

Piecing and Quilting

When piecing and quilting, a special type of needle called a quilting needle should be used. Quilting needles have a sharp point but are also known to be strong and flexible, making them ideal for working with multiple layers of fabric. These needles also have a special eye that is designed for thicker threads, such as embroidery thread.

When selecting a quilting needle for piecing and quilting, the size should be chosen based on the fabric and the type of project. For most piecing and quilting projects, sizes 8 to 14 are recommended. Specialty needles, such as a universal needle or a quilting needle, can also be used for more detailed projects.

Service Providers

When it comes to sewing machines and needles, service providers can play an important role. Professional sewing machine technicians can provide services such as machine maintenance, parts replacement, and machine setup. They can also provide helpful advice and tips on how to choose the right size needle for a particular fabric and type of project.

These service providers should also be able to provide additional pieces of advice such as the type of needle to use and the most appropriate thread tension setting. They should also be able to provide guidance on any potential problems that the machine might encounter in the future.

Further Examiner the Needle

It is important to take the time to examine the needle when it is in the machine and look for any signs of wear or damage. The needle should be checked regularly to ensure that there are no issues that could affect the quality of stitching. Additionally, the needle should not be left in the machine for an extended period of time, as this can increase the chances of the needle becoming damaged or bent.

By taking the time to check the needle for any wear or damage, and changing the needle regularly, it is possible to ensure better quality results and avoid unnecessary problems when sewing. Ultimately, the size needle that is used should be selected based on the fabric, thread type, and other factors to ensure that the best results are achieved on each project.

Geoffrey Kirby is an experienced author and sewist who has been creating sewn projects for over 20 years. He has a passion for teaching beginners and inspiring more advanced sewists both online and through his writings. Outside of writing about sewing, Geoffrey loves to explore new techniques and styles of sewing that incorporate upcycling fabric remnants into sweet items with personality.

Leave a Comment