How to Use a Sewing Machine Singer
When using your Singer sewing machine, always wear safety glasses and keep your work area clean and free of foreign objects. Additionally, make sure the power cord is away from any sharp objects. Additionally, never leave the sewing machine unattended while it is in operation. When you are done sewing, turn off the machine and unplug the power cord from the wall.
When changing needles, make sure the presser foot is in the up position and adjust the hand wheel so that the needle is in its highest position. Make sure to adjust the needle according to the fabric type you are using. Also, remember to use a size 9 needle for heavier materials such as denim and a size 11 needle for lighter fabrics such as cotton.
Threading the Machine
Threading a Singer sewing machine is an important step to getting a successful stitch. Start by inserting the thread into the needle from front to back, and then insert into the threading guide. Pull the thread down to the take-up lever, and then pass it carefully around the lever before pulling it down to the tension discs. Pull the thread behind the tension discs and insert the thread into the rotary hook and tension knob.
Now you can attach the bobbin on the bobbin winder. Take the thread from the bobbin and bring it towards the slot of the tension regulator. The end of the thread should come out through the hole between the tension discs and then pass the thread through the hole on the front of the needle plate. Finally, draw the two threads to the rear of the machine and to the left hand side of the needle.
Stitching and Sewing
Once the machine is threaded, you can begin stitching and sewing. Start by setting the appropriate pressure foot, usually the general purpose foot for woven fabric. Make sure to adjust the pressure foot for the type of fabric you’re using and also adjust the thread tension that works best for the fabric. Once the fabric is secured by the pressure foot, draw up the bobbin thread and begin to sew.
For some projects, you may need to use the reverse sewing feature. Simply pinch the reverse button with your left thumb, and then press the reverse lever with your right thumb. This will cause the needle to stay down in the fabric while the machine’s feed dogs are shifted in reverse. Release both buttons when you have reached the end of the seam.
Once you have finished sewing, cut the threads close to the fabric with a pair of scissors and disconnect the needle from its thread. To help prevent damage to the machine, always take out the bobbin when the machine is not in use.
Using a Variety of Feet and Touches
Singer sewing machines come with a variety of feet and touches that can make your stitching easier and more precise. Examples of some common feet for various tasks include a zipper foot for attaching a zipper, a blind hem foot for hemming, a buttonhole foot for making buttonholes, and an edge-stitch foot for top-stitching.
Also, when using any of the above feet, remember to adjust the machine for the best possible stitch. Some sewers recommend raising the right hand needle one notch higher than the left hand needle. Additionally, some fabrics may need a longer stitch length to achieve better results.
Using Decorative Stitches and Needles
To add a decorative touch to stitching, Singer machines include several decorative stitches. Simply select the decorative stitch by pressing the stitch key on the machine and set the stitch width and length to the desired sizes. Decorative needles can also add a unique touch to your stitching.
Caring for Your Singer Sewing Machine
Once you are done using the machine, it is important to clean and lubricate it. Singer sewing machines come with a special brush for cleaning lint and dust from the machine. Additionally, it is recommended to oil the machine’s inner workings every few months to ensure the machine runs smoothly.
Lastly, storing and transporting the Singer sewing machine can also be important; Singer machines come with a special carrying case that makes it easy to store and transport the machine. When in transit, make sure to secure the case and protect the machine from shocks and movements that could cause the machine and its parts to break or become damaged.
Tips for Sewing on Thick and Heavy Fabrics
Sewing on thick and heavy fabrics can be a daunting task, but Singer machines can help make it easier. Adjust the stitch length – a longer stitch length typically works better with heavy fabrics. Also, use a heavyweight needle and adjust the tension setting; heavier fabrics require a higher tension than lighter fabrics. Additionally, use a zigzag stitch when working with a heavy weight fabric.
For extra strength, sew a reinforced seam. Reinforcing a seam means adding extra stitching to the seam allowance to provide extra strength and durability, such as adding a double-stitched seam. Another way to reinforce a seam is to use heavier thread sizes such as 50/3 or 40/3.
When working with heavy weight fabrics, it is also important to use a walking foot and make sure your machine is running at full speed. The walking foot helps to move the fabric through the machine easily, while the full speed will ensure the machine is running smoothly.
Tips for Sewing on Lightweight Fabrics
When sewing with lightweight fabrics such as chiffon, georgette, and silk, use a larger needle size such as a size 11. Additionally, use a narrower stitch width and reduce the presser foot pressure. This will help ensure that your stitches are even and the fabric does not pucker.
When working with delicate fabrics, it is also important to use a longer stitch length so that the fabric does not stretch or tear. Additionally, use a tear-away stabilizer to help keep the fabric from shifting and to give extra stability when stitching.
When stitching seams, start from the top and sew towards the bottom. This will reduce the stress on delicate fabrics and help prevent puckering and misshapen stitches. Also, to reduce the fabric bulk, press the seams flat with an iron set on the delicate setting.
Tips for Troubleshooting Problems with Your Singer Sewing Machine
If your Singer sewing machine is not performing correctly or is giving you problems, here are some common issues that you can check. First, check that the bobbin is correctly inserted in the machine and that the thread is correctly threaded through the machine. Also, make sure that the presser foot is correctly adjusted for the thickness of the fabric and that the thread tension is set correctly.
If the stitches are uneven, make sure to check the needle. Replace the needle if necessary, as worn needles can cause skipped stitches and uneven stitches. Additionally, check for obstructions in the feed dogs and check for any lint or debris that may be causing stitching problems. If the machine is still not working properly, contact a Singer service technician for professional assistance.