How Do You Thread A Sewing Machine Step By Step

Taking on a sewing project can be a great way to express your creativity and have fun. In order to get started, you will need to know how to thread a sewing machine. Threading a sewing machine requires certain tools and some patience, but with this step by step guide, you will be able to learn the process with ease.

The first step in threading a sewing machine is the Bobbin System. The Bobbin System consists of a Bobbin and Spool of Thread, which are located on either side of the sewing machine. The thread will run from the spool to the bobbin, forming the bottom stitch. Be sure to wind up the bobbin with thread, using the winding mechanism at the top of the machine. Make sure you do this whilst the machine is off and unplugged.

Once the bobbin is wound, open the cover to the machine’s Bobbin case and insert the bobbin, ensuring that the thread is running in the correct direction. Pull a few inches of thread towards the direction of the arrow, then close the cover and make sure the Bobbin thread is securely threaded in the case.

The next step is to thread the top of the machine. This is done by threading the machine as normal, but starting from the top and pulling the thread around the thread guide, paying attention to the numbers that are displayed. Follow the arrows that are visible and pull the thread until it reaches the take-up lever. Pull the thread down and clip it under the needle clamp, with the thread going clockwise.

The next step is to draw up the bobbin thread. Do this by firstly, holding both threads in the left hand and pushing the needle into the fabric. Then, turn the hand wheel to move the needle down to the bobbin thread. Move the hand wheel, passing it halfway through the round and then pull both threads towards the rear.

Once all the threads are pulled, place the spool on the spool holder and draw the thread down to the thread guide’s slot. Hold the thread with your finger and turn the hand wheel to pull the thread through the take-up arm until it reaches the spool holder. You can now clip the thread and your sewing machine is fully threaded.

Tools Required

There are certain tools that are needed when threading a sewing machine. Firstly, a spool of thread is needed which can either be from a pre-wound spool or a thread cone. A bobbin will also be needed and you will also need a pair of scissors and a threader tool. This tool assists in passing the thread through the thread guides and take-up lever.

The most important tool is a good quality needle. The size of the needle will depend on the fabric you are going to be sewing and you should make sure to have the correct needles for the job. It is also worthwhile to purchase an extra needle for backstitching.

Every sewing machine will be different and will require different tools but having the above tools to hand will definitely make your life easier.

Tips and Tricks

Threading a sewing machine is a skill that may take you some time to perfect, but with patience and practice, you will become a pro in no time. Some tips to keep in mind when threading a sewing machine include taking your time, making sure you fully understand the process and following the instructions manual. It is also a good idea to ensure that your threads are the correct size for the fabric you are working with.

If you are struggling to thread your machine correctly, take apart the thread guides and examine them for any blockages that may be preventing the thread from passing through. Check that your bobbin is inserted correctly and that it is correctly wound. Also, check that your needle is correctly threaded.

If you are having difficulties understanding your manual, don’t hesitate to seek feedback from a friend or a specialist. You can also check out YouTube videos or websites to get a better idea of how to thread your sewing machine correctly. It is important to take your time and remember that with practice, you will become an expert.


It is important to perform routine maintenance to make sure that your sewing machine is in good working order. Firstly, run a maintenance program before and after you have used the machine. This will help to prevent any damage from occurring from excessive use and will help to prevent any issues from occurring.

Make sure to remove old thread from the machine regularly, as old threads can be stuck in the machine, which can cause the thread to jam. You should also make sure to regularly clean your machine, especially the bobbin and thread guide, as debris and other particles can be left in the machine which can cause malfunction.

Adjusting the sewing machine tension is also a must when it comes to maintenance. Incorrect tension can cause problems when it comes to stitch formation and should be monitored often. If you are unsure how to adjust the tension, check the manual or seek help from an expert.


There can be some problems when threading a sewing machine and knowing the common issues can help to prevent the loss of time and the headache of rethreading. The thread might get tangled, the needle may get stuck or the machine may not stitch properly.

If you experience any of these issues, start by unthreading the machine and rethreading it correctly, checking the thread guides and the tension settings. If rethreading does not resolve the issue, try solutions such as inserting a new needle or changing the thread to a different type.

If all else fails, it could mean that there is an internal problem with the machine and you may need to call an expert who can identify and fix the problem. However, if you follow this step by step guide and use the right tools, you will be able to avoid most common threading problems.


Safety should be your top priority when using a sewing machine. Make sure you always unplug the machine while you are threading it, as the needle may activate and cause a nasty injury. Whenever you are using the machine, always ensure that your hands and clothing are clear of the needle and any other sharp machinery.

Not only should you be careful when you are threading the machine, but also when you are stitiching, as some materials can be dangerous if handled improperly. Be sure to wear gloves and consider the fabric you are working with and the hazards it may pose.

Also, be aware of the sound of the machine. If the sound is not normal, this could be a sign of a problem and you should immediately stop the machine and check for any problems.


Threading a sewing machine may seem daunting at first but with this step by step guide, you will find that it is actually quite simple. All you need to get started is the right tools, the right instructions and the right safety precautions. With a bit of practice and patience, you’ll be a sewing machine expert in no time!

Geoffrey Kirby is an experienced author and sewist who has been creating sewn projects for over 20 years. He has a passion for teaching beginners and inspiring more advanced sewists both online and through his writings. Outside of writing about sewing, Geoffrey loves to explore new techniques and styles of sewing that incorporate upcycling fabric remnants into sweet items with personality.

Leave a Comment