How To Assemble Singer Sewing Machine Parts

Understanding the Parts of your Singer Sewing Machine

Using a Singer Sewing machine is a great way to make your own clothes and even furniture. Knowing how to assemble and work with the parts of your machine is the first step to success. Each part of your Singer Sewing machine plays a key role in how your sewing project turns out. It’s important to understand how each part works so you can make sure your projects come out perfect.

The Bobbin

The bobbin is a small cylindrical spindle containing the thread you use to sew. Depending on the machine, the bobbin may be accessed from the front or the side. It wind the thread while you sew and ensures that the edges and seams are secure. To assemble your bobbin, attach it and pull the thread underneath the tension discs. Insert the bobbin into the bobbin case, pull the thread through the hole and attach the thread to the bobbin.

Presser Foot

The presser foot is the platform that holds the fabric and guides it as it is stitched. It moves the fabric and helps to ensure proper tension when sewing. To assemble the presser foot, attach it to the machine and then secure the fabric onto the foot. This ensures that the fabric will be held in place as the stitches are made.


The needle on the Singer Sewing Machine passes through the fabric and creates the stitches. The needle needs to be strong enough to penetrate the material being used while still providing the desired appearance. It is important that the needle is sharp and not blunt in order to properly stitch the fabric. To assemble the needle, set the correct needle size and depth for the fabric you are sewing. Then unscrew the needle clamp, insert the needle, and tighten the clamp.

Thread Tension

The thread tension on the Singer Sewing Machine controls the size and strength of the stitches. When the tension is too high, it can cause the stitches to be too big and bulky. Conversely, when the tension is too low, the stitches may be too loose and weak. To adjust the tension, turn the tension knob to the desired setting and test a few stitches to make sure the tension is correct.

Feed Dog

The Singer Sewing Machine’s feed dog is the metal teeth that help push the fabric being sewn along the machine. It helps to keep the fabric in place and controls its movement as it is stitched. To assemble the feed dog, simply insert the feed dog into position and secure it with screws.

Stitch Selector

The stitch selector is the knob or lever on the machine that adjusts the type of stitch being sewn. Many Singer Sewing Machines have different types of stitches available such as zigzag, straight, decorative, and more. To assemble the stitch selector, simply insert the knob into its slot and adjust it to the desired setting.

Upper Threading Guide

The upper threading guide helps guide the thread from the spool to the needle on the Singer Sewing Machine. The guide should be tight and firmly secured before use. To assemble the upper threading guide, simply insert the guide into position and secure it with screws.

Bottom Threading Guide

The bottom threading guide on the Singer Sewing Machine is similar to the upper threading guide, but it helps guide the thread from the needle to the bobbin. It is important that the bottom threading guide is secure and in the correct position to ensure the thread is properly guided and tension is correct. To assemble the bottom threading guide, simply insert the guide into position and secure it with screws.

Cleaning and Maintenance of the Singer Sewing Machine

Regular maintenance and cleaning of your Singer Sewing Machine is essential for keeping it running smoothly. Regular inspections can help you identify potential issues before they arise. Keeping your machine clean by dusting it and cleaning the bobbin and threading guides can help keep it running efficiently. Oil should be applied to the moving parts of the machine, such as the gears and feed dog, at least once a year. Additionally, the needle should be replaced often to ensure the best stitching results.

Troubleshooting Singer Sewing Machines

If your Singer Sewing Machine isn’t working properly, there are a few key steps you can take to troubleshoot and solve the problem. First, make sure all the parts and pieces are securely in place. Next, inspect the thread as knotting or tangling of the thread can cause issues. Additionally, make sure the tension is set correctly. If adjusting the tension does not solve the problem, then check the needle for any damage or other issues. If the needle appears to be fine, then it may be time for a professional inspection.

Upgrading Your Singer Sewing Machine

Upgrading your Singer Sewing Machine is a great way to make sure you are getting the most out of your machine. Adding additional features, such as an automatic threader or a needle threader, can make sewing easier and more efficient. Additionally, adding an LED light to your machine can help improve visibility when sewing. There are also a variety of accessories you can purchase for your Singer Sewing Machine in order to customize it for your specific needs.

Installing a Sewing Machine Foot Pedal

Installing a sewing machine foot pedal on your Singer Sewing Machine can make it much easier to control your machine. With the foot pedal, you can control the speed of the machine as you sew, allowing you to adjust it as needed. To install the foot pedal, you will need to remove the tension disc cover and unhook the needle bar. Then plug in the foot pedal and attach the control cable. Once installed, the foot pedal should be ready to use.


Assembling and using a Singer Sewing Machine can be a fun and rewarding experience. Knowing how to assemble the machine’s parts and understanding their purpose can help ensure that your projects turn out the way you want them to. From understanding the purpose of each part to troubleshooting and upgrading your machine, using a Singer Sewing Machine can be an easy and enjoyable experience.

Geoffrey Kirby is an experienced author and sewist who has been creating sewn projects for over 20 years. He has a passion for teaching beginners and inspiring more advanced sewists both online and through his writings. Outside of writing about sewing, Geoffrey loves to explore new techniques and styles of sewing that incorporate upcycling fabric remnants into sweet items with personality.

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