Sewing is an art that involves using a machine to join fabrics together and to embellish them with needle and thread. Sewing can be an enjoyable and rewarding hobby, however it can also be frustrating when fabric gets caught up in the machine and becomes damaged. Fortunately, there are a few simple steps you can take to help prevent fabric from being eaten by your sewing machine.
The first step in preventing fabric from being eaten by your machine is to choose the correct needle for the job. The wrong needle can cause unintentional snags and create uneven stitches. Using needles that are too dull can also cause damage to the fabric. It is important to use sharp, appropriate sized needles for each project. This can help to reduce the risk of fabric being pulled into the machine.
Next, make sure the thread tension is not too tight. Many sewing machine users dial up the tension on the thread too much. Doing this can cause the thread to pull too tight, which can cause the fabric to be sucked into the bobbin race as well as make it difficult to sew.
Furthermore, keeping the machine clean and well oiled can help to reduce the likelihood of fabric being eaten by the machine. Lint and dust build up over time, reducing the efficiency of the machine and potentially making the fabric easier to pull into the mechanism. Taking the extra time to clean and oil the machine regularly can help to keep it running smoothly and reduce the risk of problems.
Finally, take the time to inspect the fabric before beginning to sew. Make sure to check for flaws in the fabric and any areas that may be slightly frayed or weak. Sewing over these areas could potentially cause the fabric to break apart or get pulled into the machine. Taking the time to double check the fabric can help to prevent any major disasters.
Using the Correct Thread
Another important factor to consider when attempting to prevent fabric from being eaten by the machine is the type of thread being used. Choosing the right thread can make all the difference between a successful sewing project and one that fails miserably. In general, use the thinnest thread possible for the job. If a thicker thread is needed, opt for one with a high quality and make sure it is appropriate for the fabric.
At the same time, try to keep the knot at the end of the thread to a minimum. Too many knots can create excess tension on the fabric, making it more likely to be sucked into the machine. This can also cause the fabric to be bunched up or the thread to become tangled.
Checking the Machine’s Settings
One of the most important checks to make before beginning to sew is to make sure the machine’s settings are appropriate and not set too high or low. If the pressure settings are too high, the presser foot may press into the fabric too forcefully, causing it to pucker and even pull into the machine. Likewise, if the speed settings are too high, the fabric may end up being pulled or dragged under the needle.
It is also important to double check that the settings have not been changed when switching projects. Secondly, regardless of the type of fabric being used, the presser foot should always remain on the fabric when you stop sewing. Removing the foot from the fabric can create tension and cause the fabric to be pulled in.
Maintaining Proper Posture
The way you sit and move when sewing can also have an impact on whether or not your fabric is eaten by the machine. Slumping down in the chair or leaning over too far can cause the fabric to be pulled in. Keeping the working area well-lit and maintaining proper posture will help to ensure the fabric stays in place.
In the same vein, if you notice the needle is grabbing the fabric or the stitches are becoming unraveled, stop sewing and check the situation. Try to determine what is causing the issue and if necessary, make adjustments to the machine settings to avoid any further issues.
Using the Right Foot
Using the right presser foot on the machine can also make a huge difference in keeping the fabric from getting sucked up in the machine. Changing the presser foot to one that is appropriate for the fabric and project can help to ensure the fabric stays in place and does not move too much when being stitched.
In addition, the placement of the fabric can have an impact on the likelihood of the fabric being eaten. Try to keep the fabric flat and away from the edge of the machine as much as possible. This will help to avoid the fabric being pulled into the mechanism.
Employing Certain Techniques
When working on larger scale projects, sew in small increments and hold the fabric firmly while sewing. Doing this can help to keep the fabric from being pulled into the machine or bunched up unnecessarily. When possible, the fabric should be pinned in place to prevent the fabric from shifting and to ensure the pieces line up correctly when stitched.
It is also helpful to use a satin finishing stitch if the fabric edges need to be held secure. This will help to not only prevent the fabric from fraying but also help to keep it in place while working on larger projects.
Occasionally, the timing of the machine’s hook may require adjustments. If the hook is off-timed, it can cause the fabric to bunch up or be pulled into the machine. Checking the hook periodically can help to ensure the hook is in sync and the fabric is not being pulled in.
It is also important to remember to slow down when sewing. Taking too many quick stitches can also cause the fabric to be pulled up or may even cause snags. The slower the machine sews, the better for the fabric.
Taking the Right Attitude
Finally, having the right attitude when sewing can help ensure the fabric stays in the right place. Patience and careful attention are key when it comes to working with fabric and the machine. If you rush, not only will it be less enjoyable, but you are also more likely to make mistakes and end up with substandard results.
When possible, work on smaller projects first and move on to larger, more complex projects as desired. Taking the time to practice, develop skills and perfect techniques is an essential part of successful and enjoyable sewing.