How To Set Up Bobbin On Singer Sewing Machine

This article is aimed at teaching you how to set up a bobbin on a Singer sewing machine. Before learning how to set up a bobbin on a Singer, it is important to understand what a bobbin is and what it does. A bobbin, also known as a shuttle, is a spool of thread that feeds the lower layers of fabric when making a stitch. It feeds from the bottom and is driven by the machine’s mechanism. The top thread is driven by the take-up mechanism of the machine’s shuttle.

In order to set up a bobbin on a Singer sewing machine, you will need a bobbin that is made specifically for your machine model. It is important to ensure that you are using the right type of bobbin for your machine. Different models of Singer machines may require specific types of bobbins. You can find more information on your machine’s bobbin type in the instruction manual.

Once you have located the correct bobbin type, you will need to insert it into the bobbin case. The bobbin case is usually located near the machine’s spool pin. Place the bobbin into the metal bobbin case, with the thread coming off the bobbin in a clockwise direction. You will then need to secure the bobbin by pulling the latch tight. This will ensure that the bobbin is securely in place.

Once the bobbin is securely in place, you will need to thread it up. To do this, take the end of the thread coming off the bobbin and slide it through the guide on the side of the machine. This is a small metal loop that looks like a small eye, located near the top of the machine. Follow the thread path around the machine and then to the tension disc. You will need to slide the thread in between the two tension discs.

Finally, you will need to draw the thread up to the first needle. Place the thread behind the first needle, press the foot pedal, and the bobbin will be drawn up. You can then begin stitching. It is important to ensure that the bobbin thread is not looping or tangling underneath the fabric as you stitch.

Types of Bobbins

There are two main types of bobbin available, plastic and metal. Plastic bobbins are lightweight and are the most affordable option. They are suitable for fabrics such as cotton, linen and polyester. Metal bobbins are slightly more expensive, but they are better suited to heavier fabrics, such as denim and leather. It is important to select the right type of bobbin for the fabric you are using, as using the wrong type can affect the quality of the stitch.

Cleaning Your Bobbin Case

Once the bobbin is set up, it is important to ensure that the bobbin case is kept clean. This will help to ensure that the bobbin runs smoothly and quickly. To clean the bobbin case, use a soft, clean cloth and gently wipe away any lint or thread particles. You should also make sure that there is no dirt or dust in the bobbin case, as this will reduce the efficiency of the machine. You may also want to use a cotton swab to clean out any hard to reach nooks and crannies.

Troubleshooting A Jammed Bobbin

If your bobbin is becoming jammed, there are a few troubleshooting measures you can take. Firstly, check that the bobbin is seated correctly in the bobbin case, with the thread coming off the bobbin going in a clockwise direction. If this is not the case, it could be causing your bobbin to become tangled. If the bobbin is seated correctly, you may need to increase the tension of the thread. This can be done by turning the tension disc clockwise, in order to tighten the thread.

Preventing Overloading Bobbins

It is crucial to ensure that you do not overload your bobbin, as this can cause it to jam. When winding a bobbin, take care not to overwind it as this can cause too much tension on the thread, making it difficult for the thread to be drawn up. You can tell when the bobbin is full as the thread will wind more loosely. It is important to stop winding the thread when the winding becomes loose. This will help to prevent a jammed bobbin.

Storing Bobbins

Once the bobbin is set up, it is important to store it properly. To ensure the longevity of your Singer sewing machine, bobbins should be stored in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight. Bobbins should also be kept in an upright position as this will help the thread to come off the bobbin more evenly.

Choosing The Right Thread For Your Bobbin

When setting up a bobbin, it is important to choose the right thread for your fabric. If you are using a heavy fabric, choose a sturdy thread to ensure that your stitches are strong and secure. Lightweight fabrics should be sewn with a lightweight thread, such as polyester or silk thread. If you are working with a delicate fabric, use a nylon thread for a smooth finish. Choosing the right thread for your fabric will keep your stitch lines neat and even.


Setting up a bobbin on a Singer sewing machine is a straightforward process that should be done carefully to ensure the longevity and efficiency of your machine. By following the steps outlined in this article, you should be able to set up your bobbin with ease. Understanding how to set up a bobbin on a Singer sewing machine will help you to create neat and professional looking garments.

Geoffrey Kirby is an experienced author and sewist who has been creating sewn projects for over 20 years. He has a passion for teaching beginners and inspiring more advanced sewists both online and through his writings. Outside of writing about sewing, Geoffrey loves to explore new techniques and styles of sewing that incorporate upcycling fabric remnants into sweet items with personality.

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